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Cattleya, Laelia, Brassavola culture
Cattleyas "Queen of flowers"
Cattleyas grow wild in the foothills and mountains of Central and South America.
Light: Cattleyas enjoy a good amount of morning sun accompanied by high humidity and moderate temperatures. Shade should be provided from noon to mid afternoon when the sun is at maximum strength. The leaves should be mid-green, not to dark or pale.
Humidity: During the summer months plants need good humidity and will benefit from misting two or three times a day.
Temps: Nights- 15 to 18 degrees Celsius. Days- 20 to 28 Degrees Celsius.
Watering: let growing medium dry out between watering.
Cymbidium, Odontoglossum culture
Cymbidiums flower in the cooler months and are well suited for outdoor culture.
Light: Cymbidiums enjoy a fair amount of morning sun but needs protection from late morning and mid afternoon to prevent leaves from scorching. Good light is important factor when it comes to Cymbidiums. Inadequate light my cause failure to flower.
Humidity: Cymbidiums will benefit from daily misting or spraying on a daily basis in the hot summer months.
Temps: Cymbidiums grow well outdoors as long as they are protected from frost. Cymbidiums need a low temperature of 4 to 6 Degrees Celsius in the winter months to induce flowering.
Watering: Let growing medium dry out between watering for Cymbidiums. Water more in summer months if pseudobulbs begin to shrivel. Odontoglossums need to be moist all year round, but growing medium should not be soggy or water logged.
Oncidium, Brassia culture
Light: Oncidiums prefer bright light and do well with Cattleyas. A red tinge to the leaves of an Oncidium indicates to much light, if dark green and leaves are longer or larger than normal its getting to little light.
Humidity: In the hot summer months Oncidiums will need a humidity level of between 60% and 80% this can be accomplished by misting two or three times a day and grown on humidity trays
Watering: Oncidiums need to dry out between watering. Give more water when in active growth. Water less when pseudobulb has matured, just enough to keep the pseudobulb nice and plumb.
Light: Vandas require strong light, but should be protected from mid day sun. Teret type Vandas can be grown in full sun. Air movement and misting is vital for cooling Vandas when grown in strong light.
Humidity: Vandas enjoy high humidity of around 80%. Air movement is vital to these orchids and don't do well in dry, stale conditions.
Temps: Vandas thrive in day temperatures 18 degrees and higher, night temperatures should not be lower than 12 degrees Celsius although they can survive short spells of cold weather. Some high altitude Vandaceous orchids grow well in cooler temperatures.
Watering: Plants need good humidity and can be misted several times a day if possible. Growing medium should be allowed to dry out between watering.
Light: Phalaenopsis don't do well in strong light and need shading from direct sun light.
Humidity: Phalaenopsis need good air movement as well as good humidity.
Temps: Phalaenopsis benefit from comfortable temperatures and don't like the cold. A general rule with Phalaenopsis is, if you are comfortable in a t-shirt then the orchid is comfortable with the temperature.
Watering: Phalaenopsis should be given water all year round. The potting medium should not dry out completely. Roots enjoy constant moister and air movement. They do not like soggy water logged growing medium.